Maternal health is the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum periodit encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience in most cases and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in other cases the united nations population fund (unfpa) estimated that. Free essay: infant mortality rate in the us infant mortality rate is a phrase that is used to define the number of deaths of children below one year of age in every one thousand births in the us, infant mortality is a sad reality that continues to haunt so many families. Results maternal mortality ratio values in sub-saharan africa were demonstrated to be high and vary enormously among countries a relationship between the maternal mortality ratio and some educational, sanitary and economic factors was observed. Determinants of maternal and child mortality and morbidity in the country and serve as an important tool for any possible intervention aimed at improving the low utilization of maternity care services in the country.
Socio demographic factors affecting perinatal mortality- a study in a rural setup 45 iv discussion with the decline in infant mortality rate to low levels in many developed countries, perinatal mortality. Factors associated with institutional delivery service utilization in ethiopia alemi kebede,1 kalkidan hassen,2 aderajew nigussie teklehaymanot1 1department of population and family health, 2college of health sciences, jimma university, ethiopia background: most obstetric complications occur unpredictably during the time of delivery, but they can be prevented with proper medical care in the. Health systems factors inﬂuencing maternal health south africa, and uganda a number of cross-cutting health system characteristics affecting maternal health were identiﬁed by comparing these diverse settings the most important common systems issues underlying maternal mortality of three-quarters by 2015 has also.
(skolnik, 2012) there are many factors that come into play when looking at maternal health among the first are the nutritional status and general health status of the mothers, in addition there is a link between maternal death and the level of education and income of the mother (skolnik, 2012, p 191. Administration, uk, as a background paper to review current knowledge of the socioeconomic factors affecting maternal mortality, and to initiate discussion about the issue zoº oxaal drafted the report, with technical advice from veronique filippi, research fellow in medical demography, maternal and child epidemiology unit,. Factors affecting maternal mortality essay sample maternal mortality rate is the annual number of mothers who die per 100000 births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy, management and delivery. Socioeconomic factors affecting child mortality health and social care essay the purpose of the study was to verify and quantify the importance of various socioeconomic factors affecting child mortality at different child ages they concluded that in urban areas the child survival depends on mother’s education and maternal awareness. Keywords: maternal death, maternal mortality, risk factors and developing country introduction maternal mortality represents a devastating medical complication in many societies it has been realized that complications of childbirth and pregnancy are leading causes of death among women of.
Words: 1097 length: 3 pages document type: essay paper #: 32202913 perinatal asphyxia and its impact on infant mortality ates in low-income countries one of the main factors used to determine how healthy people are in a location is infant mortality rate. Reducing maternal and child mortality is a priority in the millennium development goals (mdgs), and will likely remain so after 2015 evidence exists on the investments, interventions and enabling policies required. Factors responsible for high infant and maternal mortality in nigeria a case study of abakaliki, ebonyi state introduction high infant and maternal mortality death is a tragedy, many children are rendered motherless, such children are deprived of maternal care which goes a long way to affect adversely both their physiological and psychological development.
The maternal mortality ratio ranges from 350-400 per hundred thousand births while infant mortality rate is 77 per thousand live births and under-five mortality rate is 94 deaths per 1,000 live births. The risk of maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications can be reduced by increasing access to quality preconception many factors can affect pregnancy and childbirth, including: the determinants that influence maternal health also affect pregnancy outcomes and infant and child health. Papers were included if they identified factors affecting utilisation of mhs (antenatal or delivery or postnatal or a combination of any), specifically amongst adolescent. The decisive factors of affecting mortality reduction in human history, life expectancy has been higher and higher for our ancient ancestors, the average of life approximately is 25 years at england in 1700.
Factors affecting the use of maternal health services in nigeria and factors contributing to maternal mortality rate pages 4 words 1,111 view full essay sign up to view the complete essay show me the full essay show me the full essay. Antenatal care is a key strategy for reducing maternal mortality, but millions of women in developing countries do not receive it twenty-eight papers were included in the review studies most commonly review paper factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care. Factors affecting the use of maternal and child health services in eritrea gebremichael kibreab habtom university of asmara, eritrea of maternal mortality in the region is one of the highest in the world, reaching levels of 686 per 100,000 live births [2,3. Women's health in india can be examined in terms of multiple indicators, which vary by geography, socioeconomic standing and culture to adequately improve the health of women in india multiple dimensions of wellbeing must be analysed in relation to global health averages and also in comparison to men in india health is an important factor that contributes to human wellbeing and economic growth.
Maternal morbidity includes physical and psychologic conditions that result from or are aggravated by pregnancy and have an adverse effect on a woman’s health the most severe complications of pregnancy, generally referred to as severe maternal morbidity (smm) , affect more than 50,000 women in the united states every year. The success factors literature review identifies cases where progress has plateaued or reversed 17 for example, in namibia, an upper-middle-income country, the maternal mortality ratio increased from to 271 to 449 per 100 000 live births between 1991 and 2007.
Factors affect health the us ranks 34th among the world’s nations in infant mortality2 it is possible, however, to envision a different and more promising ending to this story if a number of changes social determinants of health: how social and economic factors affect health 5. We will write a custom essay sample on maternal mortality in india specifically for you for only $1638 $139/page (india), illiteracy and inadequate health-care are the main factors resulting in maternal deaths other factors are usually medical-related problems, which are also avoidable most of the time. Major causes of maternal mortality include postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia, obstructed labor, sepsis etc national family health survey (nfhs) 2005-2006 revealed that rajasthan is one the factors affecting maternal mortality essay study of the causes. A number of different measures of maternal mortality are commonly used, the most important being the maternal mortality ratio and the maternal mortality rate the numerator for both is the same: the number of maternal deaths occurring in a given period.